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When choosing siding for your home, make sure you know the following terms and phrases. They will help you make better choices for protecting your home and family.

  • Backer Tab – Provides support for non-insulated 8" siding at panel overlaps (joints), and behind panels at corners to ensure a smooth installation.
  • Butt Edge – Bottom edge of siding/soffit panel or accessory piece opposite the nailing slots. Locks onto the preceding panel.
  • Channel – Area of accessory trim or corner post where siding/soffit panels are inserted. Also refers to trim itself, and named according to letter of alphabet it resembles (i.e., J-channel, F-channel, etc.).
  • Course – Row of panels running the length of the house.
  • Face – Side of siding/soffit panel that is showing once panel has been installed.
  • Face Nailing – Action of fastening directly onto the face of panel, rather than using the nail hem slot. Generally not used in siding installation.
  • Fascia – Vertical finishing edge usually fastened to ends of rafters or trusses. Most commonly found where the gutter is attached.
  • Flashing – Thin, flat material – usually aluminum – positioned under or behind J-channels, corner posts, windows, etc., to keep water drainage from penetrating house.
  • Individual Outside Corner Cap – Possible alternative to outside corner post when installing 8" horizontal siding. Maintains continuity of siding courses in traditional clapboard style.
  • Inside Corner Post – Provides a means of joining at inside corners where siding butts both sides. Deeper posts are for insulated siding, and narrower posts for non-insulated siding.
  • Insulated Siding – Available with factory-laminated polystyrene backing. In addition, separate drop-in backer board is available which can be combined with the siding panels at the time of installation. Laminated and drop-in backer board thickness vary from 3/8" to 1/2", and can be used with 8", Double 4" or Double 5" siding.
  • J-Channel – Used for receiving siding on all sides of windows and doors, at rake edges of gables and in other miscellaneous situations. Deeper J-channels are for insulated siding, and narrower J-channels for non-insulated siding.
  • Lap – To overlap ends of two siding panels to allow for expansion and contraction of siding product.
  • Lug/Crimp – Raised tabs on siding panel created by a snap-lock punch. Can be used to lock siding panel into place when the nailing hem has been removed.
  • Mitre Cut – Diagonal cut, beveled to a specific angle (usually 45). Sometimes applied to an overlapping siding or soffit panel surface for a neater appearance.
  • Nailing Hem (Flange) – Location of nailing slots on siding panel or accessories.
  • Outside Corner Post – Provides neat appearance outside corners for vertical and horizontal sidings. Receives siding from both sides. Deeper post is used with insulated siding, and narrower post with non-insulated siding.
  • Snap-Lock Finish Trim – Used to finish off (trim) job-site cuts on siding, as under windows, at eaves, and at porch door locations. May also be used to receive vertical siding at corners and window jambs. The snap-lock design allows siding to be notched and locked into place without face nailing.
  • Soffit – Vinyl or aluminum material used on the underside of eaves between the exterior wall and overhanging edge of the roof rafters.
  • Starter Strip – Baseline accessory which secures the first course of siding to the wall. Used with horizontal and vertical siding.
  • Trim Coil – Painted aluminum and steel material commonly used to case around windows. Allows remodeler to totally enclose house.
  • Underlayment – Weather-resistant material placed under siding panels.
  • Weep Holes – Openings cut into siding or accessories to allow water runoff.
  • Window Head Flashing – Alternative to J-channel to receive siding over doors and windows and as a base flashing on vertical siding installations.

TYPES OF SIDING PROFILES

  • Beaded – Authentic 17th century horizontal Colonial beaded ridge in a 6.5" design with graceful shadow lines.
  • Clapboard – Classic horizontal design with stepped beveled boards and bold shadow lines.
  • Dutch Lap – Traditional horizontal design with stepped sculpted boards to maximize horizontal shadow lines.
  • Vertical Board & Batten – Vertical siding with deep shadow lines created with raised batten strips.

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